Traditional Javanese House Architecture – Bali Indonesia

The Javanese traditional house, or commonly referred to as the Javanese traditional omah, refers to the traditional houses on the island of Java, Indonesia. Javanese house architecture is characterized by the presence of dominant hierarchical rules as reflected in the shape of the roof of the house. Traditional Javanese houses have a very similar layout to each other, but the shape of the roof is determined by the social and economic status of the house owner.

Traditional Javanese House Architecture

The traditional architecture of Javanese houses was heavily influenced by Dutch colonial architecture in Indonesia and also greatly contributed to the development of modern architecture in Indonesia in the 20th century.

History of Traditional Javanese House Architecture

Javanese people have a close kinship with the Austronesian people. The reliefs on Borobudur Temple which were built in the 9th century also show that the Javanese house is the archetype of the Austronesian house. The arrival of the Europeans in the 16th and 17th centuries introduced stone and brick in house construction, which were widely used by wealthy people. The form of traditional Javanese houses also began to influence the development of Dutch colonial architecture in Indonesia. In the early 19th century, the house of the Dutch East Indies was made to resemble a Javanese house because of the shape of the house that was able to resist tropical heat and heavy rain, but was still able to circulate the air inside the house.

Traditional Javanese House Architecture

House Roof Hierarchy in Traditional Javanese House Architecture

In accordance with the structure of Javanese society and its traditions, traditional Javanese houses are classified according to their roof shape from the lowest to the highest, namely Kampung, Limasan, and Joglo.

Village house. The roof of the Kampung house is identified as the house of the common people. Structurally, the Kampung roof is the simplest roof. The roof top of the Kampung house rests on four central pillars and is supported by two layers of tie poles. The roof ridge is supported by a support with a distinctive North-South axis. This structure can be enlarged by expanding the roof from the existing roof section.

Limasan’s house. Limasan roof is used for Javanese family houses which have higher status. This type of house is the most common type for Javanese houses. The basic plan of the four pillars of the house is expanded by adding a pair of poles at one end of the roof.

Joglo house. The Joglo roof is the most distinctive and most complicated form of the roof. The roof of the joglo is associated with aristocratic residences (Keraton, official residences, government buildings, and Javanese or nigrat aristocratic houses). Today its owners are no longer limited to noble families, but anyone who has enough funds to build them. This is because building a Joglo house requires more and more expensive building materials.

Joglo roofs have several characteristics that distinguish them from the previous 2 types of roofs. The main roof is steeper, while the roof ridge is not as long as Limasan’s house. On the four main pillars that support the roof above there is a distinctive arrangement in the form of layered columns which are interpreted as intercropping. In addition, if the Joglo house is damaged, the repair process must not change its original shape. The Javanese believe that breaking this rule will have a bad effect on the residents of the house.

House building

Not unlike traditional Balinese houses, Javanese houses are usually built in a walled complex. The materials for the protective walls of the house complex were either made of stone for the houses of the rich, or made of bamboo and wood.

The ideal traditional Javanese house consists of three main buildings, namely omah, pendapa, and peringgitan.

Gazebo-like building. Pendopo or pendapa is a pavilion located at the front of the complex. This place is used for receiving guests, social gatherings, or ritual performances. The pavilion uses a joglo roof and is only found in the complexes of the houses of the rich. In some densely populated urban areas, stone walls will usually be erected around the pavilion.

Pringgitan. Pringgitan is the space that connects the pavilion with the omah. Peringitan is a place for ringgit, which means wayang or playing wayang. Pringgitan has the form of a village roof or limasan.

Home. Omah is the main house. The word omah comes from Austronesian which means “home”. Omah usually has a square or rectangular layout with raised floors. The center of the omah uses a limasan or joglo roof. The area under the roof is divided by wall slats into inner and outer areas.

Dalem.Dalem is a closed building and is further divided along the North and South axles into distinct areas. In the village and limasan house models, this division is used to distinguish between the front and the back. However, in the joglo house there are three more complicated divisions, between front, middle and back.

The eastern front of the dalem is where the activities of all family members take place and where all family members sleep on a bamboo bed, before children’s puberty. The center of the joglo house is affirmed by four main pillars. Currently, that part no longer had any special use. However, traditionally this area is where the censer is burned once a week in honor of Dewi Sri (the goddess of rice), it is also where the bride and groom sit at the wedding ceremony.

Senthong. Senthong is the back of the omah which consists of three closed rooms. West Senthong is a place to store rice and other agricultural products, while farming equipment is stored on the East side. Senthong is traditionally a luxuriously decorated room known as Dewi Sri’s permanent residence. The newlyweds sometimes sleep in Senthong Tengah.

On the outside or back of the complex there are several other buildings such as kitchens and bathrooms. A well is usually placed on the East side. The well as a water provider is considered a source of life and is always the first thing that is resolved when building a new housing complex. If the number of family members or family wealth increases, additional buildings (gandhok) can be added.

10 Ways to Beautify Your Home’s Wood Floors

10 Ways to Beautify Your Home’s Wood Floors

The use of wood for the floor of the house can give its own statement for your home decoration. Hardwood floors are very easy to maintain and hardwood floors that have been in place for several years are rarely bent or damaged, provided you take good care of them.

Hardwood floors are also a practical option, all you need to do is mop and vacuum what is on them to keep them looking clean and well-groomed. There are several ways to beautify wooden floors in your home. The following are the most frequently used.

Use a special soap to get a Scandinavian style wooden floor.

Wood Floors

Get white results on wooden floors by using Scandinavian style tips and using special soaps for your wood floors. You can use a special lye solution on sanded wood floors to lighten the wood and remove dark colors.

After that, use white wood soap which will protect the wooden floor so that the color doesn’t fade quickly. Take care of wooden floors by reapplying white soap.

White paint your floors.

Wood Floors

White painted wooden floors are perfect for homes that require more lighting or lighting. The white floor will bring a contemporary style to the old house with the condition of old and worn wooden floors. White floor color is also widely used as a minimalist home paint color.

Use a special paint for wooden floors to avoid slippery floors. Don’t forget to mop the wooden floor every week and don’t hesitate to repaint your floor if you feel bothered by scratches appearing on the floor.

Choose an elegant gray color.

grey Wood Floors

If black might be too dark and whites feel too light, try painting your wood floors a neutral color like gray or pale blue. Grays on the floor can be paired with pastel colors on the walls to add statement to the room.

Consider varnishing wooden floors.

brown Wood Floors

In order for your hardwood floors to last longer and have a smooth finish, try varnishing your wood floors. Most varnishes contain polyurethane, which can waterproof wood and coat it like plastic. The results can range from glossy to matte.

The disadvantage of varnish results is that when the surface is damaged because it has been used for too long or is exposed to friction from other furniture, it will be very difficult to repair. The only way out is to sand the entire room and varnish it.

Try to hit the colors.

Wood Floors corner

Using a variety of non-uniform colors for your floors and furniture can create an eye-catching look. You can use furniture or accessories in colliding colors.

Back to black.

black Wood Floors

If your house is filled with natural colors and you want to add a dark color to your house, maybe you can use black paint on your wood floors. Black floors add a dramatic feel and go great with dark wood furniture.

You have to be careful choosing the finish for black wood floors because it is very difficult to maintain to keep it durable. If you have pets, the black wooden floor will make the fur of your pet more visible.

Finishing using wax.

classic Wood Floors

Fans of traditional wood flooring may want to make the appearance of their wood flooring a little older. Hard wax products contain a mixture of natural oils such as linseed and sunflower oil, as well as a mixture that protects the wood and its texture.

For a lighter color, wax products with white dye can be used. The results can be glossy, satin and matte.

Wax was applied using a roller and allowed to dry. Apply twice. After that you only need to treat the floor by re-applying the wax on your wood floor. The disadvantage of waxed wood floors is that you have to reapply it frequently.

Try using dark colors.

The first step to take to get a dark finish that emphasizes the texture of your wood flooring is experimenting with how to stain your wood floor.

You will need to do some experimenting before you get the dark color you want. You will have to experiment with how to stain the sanded wood floor until you find the color you want.

You may even need to mix several colors to get the right color. Once you’ve got the color you want, you’ll need to let your floor dry overnight and then add three coats of varnish.

Use recycled wood.

If you want wood floors to be of the same quality as real wood, you may want to use recycled wood. Recycled wood has a high price. Recycled wood uses planks or wood taken from other properties to add character to new buildings or repair damaged areas.

For those of you who want to have a more luxurious wood floor, maybe you can consider using recycled parquet wood which will add a wow effect and have a variety of patterns. It should be noted that installing recycled parquet can only be done by a professional and is expensive.

Create a vintage style floor.

If you are tired of wooden floors in your house that still look good and well-maintained, maybe you want to make some scratches on your wood floors to add a vintage feel to the room.

You can add several coats of paint to the floor and then stroke a few sections to create a contrasting color from the paint underneath. Test it out on a plank or piece of wood first to see what results you like best.

What Colour goes with white paint?

Tips for Choosing a White Paint combinations, What Colour goes with white paint?

drawing room furniture crossword clue

Is it true that white is only one color? White paint can look bright (or even soft) just like any other color. White also has a wide variety of hues and colors, which makes the selection process somewhat complicated. Here are some practical tips for choosing the right white paint.

White walls are a timeless color. Depending on the space, white can look classic or contemporary. Depending on the tone, white will appear warm or cold.

The result is a perfect backdrop in almost any space.

1. Creamy white. What Colour goes with white paint?

What Colour goes with white paint

A whitewashed living room can be a very relaxing place.

For best results, use slightly different shades of white and combine them with other colors. This variation will prevent the living room from appearing too cold.

2. Cool white (cool white).

White Paint combinations

Cool white walls match perfectly with white furniture and window arrangements. This color creates a homogeneous space that is calm and has little contrast.

This cool plain white is perfect for contemporary spaces because it gives a modern impression.

3. Soft white (soft white).

White Paint combinations

Combining white and black will create a very elegant Art Deco impression.

In fact, with so much contrast, it still looks like a blank canvas that could be matched with other colors.

The solution, you can combine a slightly soft white paint color with pure white furniture or door and window frames.

4. Snow white.

White Paint combinations

A very classic way to work trim is to paint it with a shiny snow white paint color.

Snow-white hues are also seen on furniture and door and window frames, which emphasize the space and create a harmonious look.

5. Antique white.

White Paint combinations

If you want a more traditional space, antique white is best suited because it feels comfortable. In this dining room, exposed brick wall paint in gray is a great choice because it gives a more dynamic look.

6. Ivory white.

White Paint combinations

Many people love the look of white cabinets for the kitchen, but don’t want their space to seem too cold.

In this case, look for a white color that is slightly ivory. You can also add warmth to your kitchen with the use of wooden floors and the effect of bright halogen lights.

7. White gray (gray white).

White Paint combinations

A cool grayish white color will make a modern look on the museum-style background wall to accent and display works of art.

8. Warm white (warm white).

Warm white Paint combinations

The use of white with a khaki (brown) hue creates an organic feel in the dining room. This color type gives off a very warm and welcoming impression.

Still need advice about What Colour goes with white paint?